top of page

Dow Jones Industrial Average

Dow Jones Industrial Average | Bestar
Dow Jones Industrial Average | Bestar

Dow Jones Industrial Average

About Dow Jones Industrial Average

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), also often called "the Dow" or "Dow 30", is a widely followed stock market index in the United States. Here's a breakdown of what it is and why it's important:

  • What it tracks: The DJIA tracks the performance of 30 large, well-established companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges (NYSE and Nasdaq). These companies are considered to be leaders in their respective industries and influential to the overall health of the U.S. economy.

  • How it's calculated: Unlike some other indexes, the DJIA is a price-weighted average. This means the current share price of each of the 30 companies is simply added together and then divided by a divisor (a constant number). However, it's important to note that this method doesn't necessarily reflect the overall market value of the companies because it doesn't consider the number of shares outstanding for each company.

  • Importance: The DJIA is one of the oldest stock market indexes (founded in 1896) and is a popular benchmark for investors to gauge the health of the U.S. stock market. News outlets frequently report on the Dow's daily performance, and it's often seen as a barometer of investor confidence.

Here are some additional points to consider:

  • Criticisms: Some argue that the DJIA isn't the best representation of the entire U.S. stock market because it only includes 30 companies and doesn't account for market capitalization (total value of a company's outstanding shares). Broader market indexes like the S&P 500 might be a more comprehensive measure.

  • Composition changes: The companies included in the DJIA can change over time to reflect the evolving economic landscape. If a company's performance significantly weakens or its industry becomes less relevant, it may be replaced by another company.


Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page